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Granite

June 24, 2015
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Granite – The Wonder of Nature

Granite is a common and widely occurring type of intrusive, felsic, igneous rock. It is an igneous rock of volcanic origin and is composed of 30% quartz and 60% feldspar, which gives it a high range of hardness. It is very resistant to high wear, with superior abrasion resistance and compressive strength. Granites usually have a medium to coarse grained texture. Granites can be pink to dark gray or even black, depending on their chemistry and mineralogy. Granite is nearly always massive, diamond-hard and tough, non-porous surface, vivid natural color palette, and therefore it has gained widespread use as a construction stone.

  • Comes in crystalline, extraordinary resistance, natural origin, durability, aesthetic quality and noble aging.
  • Protects against mold and mildew.
  • Offers a near endless variety of different patterns of veins, specks and swirls.
  • Accommodates many styles of sinks.
  • Creates isolation against humidity.

Application

Granite is used in antiquity. Granite has been extensively used as a dimension stone and as flooring tiles in public and commercial buildings and monuments. Because of its abundance, granite was commonly used to build foundations for homes. Polished granite is also a popular choice for kitchen countertops due to its high durability and aesthetic qualities. In building and for countertops, the term "granite" is often applied to all igneous rocks with large crystals, and not specifically to those with a granitic composition. In some areas granite is used for gravestones and memorials. In fact, granite is durable and wearable enough for almost any application you can think of.

 

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Marble

June 24, 2015
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Marble – The Marvel of Nature

Marble is one of seven natural stones which have a massive demand in the world market. To the geologist, marble is a non-foliated, granular metamorphic rock that is formed by the metamorphism of limestone and dolostone. Construction marble is a stone which is composed of calcite, dolomite or serpentine which is capable of taking a polish. A number of minerals and gems can form in marble. Marble is a calcareous rock with a mid-range of hardness, formed usually by fine grain crystals. This composition contributes to a mirror - like polish finish, which is exceptional in stone. Prized for its timeless style, texture and high-gloss polish along with a rich palette of beautiful colors, marble has a place anywhere in the home. Available in solids or dramatic veined varieties, marble may be carved or sculpted in many ways.

  • Classic and elegant.
  • Great for bathrooms, fireplaces, furniture tops.
  • Looks great polished or honed.
  • Resists heat, scratches and stains.
  • Protects against mold and mildew.
  • Offers a near endless variety of different patterns of veins, specks and swirls.
  • Accommodates many styles of sinks.

Application 

Everyone marvels at the elegance of marble. Marble has a legendary elegance. It was used throughout the ancient world because it was soft enough to be worked with tools but hard enough to last through the ages. Once considered the domain of the rich and famous, marble can be used in many applications throughout your home. Marble is crystallized limestone that is not as hard as granite but more porous than granite, making it more susceptible to staining and therefore is more suitable for your foyers, bathrooms, fireplaces, studies or libraries. With it's varied range of colors, textures and veining, marble is the ideal decorative material for fireplace hearths and back panels, vanity tops, walls and floors. White marble was prized for its use in sculptures since classical times. This preference has to do with the softness and relative isotropy and homogeneity, and a relative resistance to shattering.

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Limestone & Sandstone

June 24, 2015
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Sandstone & Limestone – The Elegance of Nature

Limestone is a very common sedimentary rock consisting of calcium carbonate (more than 50%). Limestone is the most common non-siliciclastic sedimentary rock.  Carbonate rocks where the dominant carbonate is dolomite (calcium magnesium carbonate) are named dolomite rock. Carbonate rocks together make up one-fifth of all sedimentary rocks in the stratigraphic record. When the word 'stone' is used in the context of slab dimensional stone, it usually refers to limestone, slate and other sedimentary rock. Generally, limestone is rarely polished. Limestone is a durable, versatile stone. It does react to acids and must be sealed to protect against staining. Sandstone is a classic sedimentary rock composed mainly of sand-sized minerals or rock grains. Most sandstone is composed of quartz and/or feldspar because these are the most common minerals in the Earth's crust. Soapstone is dense and heavy, but soft enough to scratch easily. It does not react to acids in foods and does not stain.

  • Non-porous.
  • Scratch resistant.

Application

Limestone can be used for flooring, walls, kitchen islands, range hood covers, vanities, and for limited countertop use. It can be finished in a number of ways depending on the particular slab. Limestone is suitable for internal use, and in block format is used in external applications. Soapstone can be used for sinks, countertops, island tops, sills, flooring and shower stalls. Sandstone’s property makes it the countertop choice for laboratories around the world. It has a soft, warm, silky feel and requires minimal care. Composite stone is ideal for virtually any interior surface from kitchen countertops, bathroom vanities and splash backs, to wall paneling and interior furniture, and also offers an attractive and versatile finish for commercial and institutional buildings.

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Slate & Quartzite

June 24, 2015
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Slate & Quartzite – The Astonishment of Nature

Quartzite is a non-foliated metamorphic rock that formed by the metamorphism of pure quartz sandstone. The intense heat and pressure of metamorphism causes the quartz grains to compact and become tightly inter-grown with each other, resulting in very hard and dense quartzite. However, quartzite most typically forms during mountain-building events where continents collide with each other. Because it is so dense and tough, quartzite is extremely resistant to weathering and erosion.

Slate is a fine-grained, foliated metamorphic rock that is created by the alteration of shale or mudstone by low-grade regional metamorphism. Slate is composed mainly of clay minerals or micas depending upon the degree of metamorphism to which it has been subjected. Slate can also contain abundant quartz and small amounts of feldspar, calcite, pyrite, hematite and other minerals.

  • Extremely durable and water resistant.
  • Dense and tough.
  • Organic appearance.
  • Available for most projects.
  • Chemically inert.

 

Application

Quartzite is becoming more popular as a dimension stone in the construction industry. The use of quartzite as decorative stone in building construction is growing annually. As noted above, quartzite breaks into flat surfaces. Consequently, quartzite slabs are used to cover walls, as roofing tiles, as flooring, and stair steps to name just a few applications. Quartzite is also used, to a small degree, as crushed stone. The vast majority of crushed stone - about 85% - is used in road construction and repair.

Slate is a highly versatile stone that gives a natural, rustic appearance to any room. Slate can be used for interiors as well as exteriors, making it the perfect product to bring the outdoors inside home. All slate has a natural "clefting" along the surface that gives this stone its unique textural, layered look. If your style is about texture, no other natural stone has the dramatic texture and colour of slate.

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Travertine

June 24, 2015
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Travertine – The Amazement of Nature

A member of the limestone family, Travertine shares some similar characteristics such as being soft and porous. Travertine is a form of limestone deposited by mineral springs, especially hot springs. Travertine often has a fibrous or concentric appearance and exists in white, tan and cream-colored varieties. It is formed by a process of rapid precipitation of calcium carbonate, often at the mouth of a hot spring or in a limestone cave. It is frequently used in Italy and elsewhere as a building material. Travertine is a terrestrial sedimentary rock, formed by the precipitation of carbonate minerals from solution in ground and surface waters, and/or geothermally heated hot-springs. Travertine is formed with many small cavities and holes running through it that can be filled in with cement or resin, or left unfilled for a textured surface. The surface is then polished to a rough or highly polished finish. The filled-in areas remain dull which creates an interesting contrast.

  • Weathered, natural look.
  • Highly polished finish.
  • Fibrous or concentric appearance.
  • Used for facades, stairs, interiors and decorative pieces.

 Application

Travertine can be used in flooring in numerous rooms in your home. However, like limestone, travertine will require you to have preventative maintenance performed over time, due to its porosity. Travertine is often used as a building material. Travertine is one of several natural stones that are used for paving patios and garden paths. Travertine is one of the most frequently used stones in modern architecture, and is commonly seen as facade material, wall cladding, and flooring. The relative softness of the stone, combined with the holes and troughs, make travertine flooring particularly difficult to finish and maintain. Aggressive grinding sometimes called honing can reveal previously hidden air pockets that significantly change the look of the floor

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Onyx

June 24, 2015
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Onyx – The Beauty of Nature

Onyx is one of the most elegant stones found in nature. Onyx is a member of the chalcedony family which also includes carnelian, agate, bloodstone, etc. Occurring naturally in a variety of colors, black onyx is polished to enhance appearance, a member of the quartz family. Onyx is a semi-precious, translucent stone. Like the other stones in the chalcedony family, onyx has a smooth, waxy luster. A translucent stone with a glossy, polished surface, onyx is composed of crystalline silica and closely related to agate, a semi-precious stone.

  • Onyx Resists heat, scratches and stains.
  • Protects against mold and mildew.
  • Semi-precious stone that is used for both jewelry and home interiors.
  • Accommodates many styles of sinks.
  • Stunning colors and patterns.
  • Translucent types can be backlit.
  • Suitable for bathrooms, fireplaces and furniture tops.

Application

Creating endless design opportunities, this translucent stone is synonymous with luxury living. It takes a high polish, which contributes to its beauty. Because the stone transmits light, onyx can be backlit to show off the color and pattern of the stone. Black Onyx is often used as a backdrop in jewelry, such as cameos. It is also used as cabochons and as a building material. This translucent stone is synonymous with luxury living and has been used to decorate the living spaces of the rich and famous. It takes a high polish which is part of its great beauty. The uses are endless; bench tops, furniture, bathrooms, lighting and artwork (backlit, of course). It requires special care, due to its softness and is generally suitable for areas that receive light duty use only. Onyx makes beautiful fireplace surrounds, bar tops, wall cladding, sinks and tables.

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